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Title: Extreme learning machine model for state-of-charge estimation of lithium-ion battery using gravitational search algorithm
Authors: Hossain Lipu, M.S. 
Hannan, M.A. 
Hussain, A. 
Saad, M.H. 
Ayob, A. 
Uddin, M.N. 
Issue Date: 2019
Abstract: This paper develops a state-of-charge (SOC) estimation model for a lithium-ion battery using an improved extreme learning machine (ELM) algorithm. ELM is suitable for an SOC estimation since the ELM algorithm has fast estimation speed, good generalization performance, and high accuracy. However, the performance of ELM is highly dependent on training accuracy and the number of neurons in a hidden layer. Hence, a gravitational search algorithm (GSA) is applied to improve the ELM computational intelligence by searching for the optimal value hidden layer neurons. The optimal ELM-based GSA model does not require internal battery knowledge and mathematical model for an SOC estimation. The model robustness is validated at different temperatures using different electric vehicle drive cycles. The performance of the ELM-GSA model is verified with two popular neural network methods: Back-propagation neural network (BPNN) and radial basis function neural network (RBFNN). The results are evaluated using different error rates and computation costs. The results demonstrate that the ELM-based GSA model offers a higher accuracy and lower SOC error rate than those of BPNN-based GSA and RBFNN-based GSA models. Furthermore, a detailed comparative study between the proposed model and existing SOC strategies is conducted, which also demonstrates the superiority of the proposed model. © 2019 IEEE.
DOI: 10.1109/TIA.2019.2902532
Appears in Collections:UNITEN Scholarly Publication

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