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Title: International trade: theory & policy, 11th ed.
Authors: Paul R. Krugman, Maurice Obstfeld, and Marc J. Melitz. 
Keywords: International business.
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Pearson Education Limited
Abstract: of the liberal international trade regime built up so painstakingly after World War II. This eleventh edition therefore comes out at a time when we are more aware than ever before of how events in the global economy influence each country’s economic fortunes, policies, and political debates. The world that emerged from World War II was one in which trade, financial, and even communication links between countries were limited. Nearly two decades into the 21st century, however, the picture is very different. Globalization has arrived, big time. International trade in goods and services has expanded steadily over the past six decades thanks to declines in shipping and communication costs, globally negotiated reductions in government trade barriers, the widespread outsourcing of production activities, and a greater awareness of foreign cultures and products. New and better communications technologies, notably the Internet, have revolutionized the way people in all countries obtain and exchange information. International trade in financial assets such as currencies, stocks, and bonds has expanded at a much faster pace even than international product trade. This process brings benefits for owners of wealth but also creates risks of contagious financial instability. Those risks were realized during the recent global financial crisis, which spread quickly across national borders and has played out at huge cost to the world economy. Of all the changes on the international scene in recent decades, however, perhaps the biggest one remains the emergence of China—a development that is already redefining the international balance of economic and political power in the coming century.
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