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dc.contributor.authorPua Fei Ling @ Grace Puaen_US
dc.descriptionVolume :709, Issue No :-, Article ID :-, Page Start :57, Page End :60, ISSN :1662-9795en_US
dc.description.abstractIn recent years, attention has been drawn to produce heterogeneous catalyst to replace homogeneous catalyst in biodiesel industry. This study was focused on the synthesis of three different types of alginate based heterogeneous catalyst (Ferric-alginate, Copper-alginate, and Nickel alginate) and the effect of the catalyst on esterification of oleic acid. Morphology and elemental analysis was conducted to investigate the properties of the catalyst. The new heterogeneous catalysts were used to catalyze the esterification of oleic acid at reaction temperature of 60°C and 2 hours reaction time. Fe-alginate has achieved the highest free fatty acids (FFAs) conversation rate of 82.03%. The results and findings proved that transition metal-alginate heterogeneous catalyst has the potential and ability to esterify the free fatty acids prior biodiesel production from high free fatty acids feedstocken_US
dc.relation.ispartofKey Engineering Materialsen_US
dc.subjectHeterogeneous catalysten_US
dc.subjectTransition Metalen_US
dc.titleSynthesis and characterization of different transiton metal-alginate based heterogeneous catalyst for esterification reaction.en_US
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