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Title: Student spin-off intentions in malaysian higher educational institutions: Founders’ characteristics and university roles
Authors: Zahari, A.R. 
Tamyez, P.F.M. 
Azizan, N.A. 
Hashim, F. 
Issue Date: 2018
Journal: Journal of Entrepreneurship Education Volume 21, Issue Special Issue, 2018, Article number 1528-2651-21-S1-179, 15p 
Abstract: This study aims to examine the effects of founders’ characteristics and university roles on student spin-off intentions in Malaysian higher educational institutions. The study of student spin-offs has captured the attention of policymakers, educators and researchers because of its contribution to achieving a university’s vision and mission, regional economic growth, knowledge commercialization and employment generation. This study involved online survey research designed and informed by two research questions. A stratified sampling technique was applied and was able to obtain 369 samples from the founders of student spin-offs from eleven public universities in Malaysia. The data was analysed using partial least squares-structural equation modelling (PLS-SEM). The results indicate that four of the six paths in the conceptual model were significant and affirmed the direction proposed by this study. The need for achievement, innovativeness, a propensity for risk taking and self-efficacy were seen to be positively related to student spin-off intentions. However, two constructs, namely locus of control and university roles were not significant in relation to student spin-off intentions. This study will provide valuable insights for policymakers and universities enable them to reduce the number of unemployed graduates and create a viable entrepreneurial ecosystem within the universities. The majority of student spin-off studies have been conducted in developed countries so this study could offer different insights from previous studies because the setting is a developing country. © 2018, Allied Business Academies. All rights reserved.
Appears in Collections:UNITEN Scholarly Publication

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