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|Title:||Synthesis and characterization of different transiton metal-alginate based heterogeneous catalyst for esterification reaction.||Authors:||Pua Fei Ling @ Grace Pua||Keywords:||Heterogeneous catalyst
|Issue Date:||2016||Journal:||Key Engineering Materials||Abstract:||In recent years, attention has been drawn to produce heterogeneous catalyst to replace homogeneous catalyst in biodiesel industry. This study was focused on the synthesis of three different types of alginate based heterogeneous catalyst (Ferric-alginate, Copper-alginate, and Nickel alginate) and the effect of the catalyst on esterification of oleic acid. Morphology and elemental analysis was conducted to investigate the properties of the catalyst. The new heterogeneous catalysts were used to catalyze the esterification of oleic acid at reaction temperature of 60°C and 2 hours reaction time. Fe-alginate has achieved the highest free fatty acids (FFAs) conversation rate of 82.03%. The results and findings proved that transition metal-alginate heterogeneous catalyst has the potential and ability to esterify the free fatty acids prior biodiesel production from high free fatty acids feedstock||Description:||Volume :709, Issue No :-, Article ID :-, Page Start :57, Page End :60, ISSN :1662-9795||URI:||http://dspace.uniten.edu.my:80/jspui/handle/123456789/68|
|Appears in Collections:||COE Scholarly Publication|
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