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Title: Levels and distributions of organic source tracers in air and roadside dust particles of Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Authors: Omar, N.Y.M.J. 
Abas, M.R.B. 
Rahman, N.A. 
Tahir, N.Mohd. 
Rushdi, A.I. 
Simoneit, B.R.T. 
Issue Date: 2007
Abstract: The concentrations of n-alkanes, unresolved complex mixture (UCM), petroleum molecular markers, other tracers of cooking and burning emissions, and natural background in atmospheric particles and roadside dust particles were measured at eight locations in the city center and the suburbs of Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Atmospheric particles were collected using high-volume filtration (PM-10, GFF) over 24 h average periods. Road dusts were swept up, dried and sieved. Both types of samples were extracted with dichloromethane/methanol mixture (3:1 v/v) by ultrasonic agitation. The extracts were then fractionated by column chromatography and the alkanes subjected to gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Total extracts were also analyzed directly by GC-MS after silylation. The molecular distributions of compounds as well as diagnostic geochemical ratios were determined in order to identify the sources of the organic compounds. Samples collected from a rural area and lubricating oils were also analyzed for comparisons. Anthropogenic and biogenic sources such as vehicular emissions, waxes of higher plants, food cooking operations, and biomass and domestic refuse burning processes contributed to the organic matter content of atmospheric and to lesser extent, roadside dust particles. © 2007 Springer-Verlag.
Appears in Collections:COE Scholarly Publication

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